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3D打印、动态浇筑、机器人建造…从没见过云云建房子!

Source:adminAuthor:admin Addtime:2020/10/20 Click:71
\u003cp>3D 打印和机器人发展至今,已经有了相对成熟的技术,尤其在「建造房子」这件事上,更是有着不错的发展。\u003c/p>\u003cp>今天要讲的这栋房子名为\u003cstrong>「DFAB HOUSE」\u003c/strong>,就行使了各栽稀奇、数字化的建造手段。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/D7319CD4CD4D48E08C329F1C49689C522C6D6E17_w818_h654.jpg" />\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/391AB2660D5443E14DBA489D08A7D2035D5BE39A_w812_h647.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:79.67980295566502%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>DFAB HOUSE 位于一栋大楼的顶层,修建的外立面望上往就像一个被切了几个角的盒子,晶莹剔透的外层足够科技的味道。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/887C292CCB92D40208F8A934E9BEC146E441FDB5_w818_h654.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:79.95110024449878%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>这个幼房子也许占地 200㎡,固然不大,但要用新式的技术往建造它,照样必要特意众的步骤和手段。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>下面吾会用 5 个片面的内容,来仔细向你表明它奇怪、稀奇的建造手段。\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/DCFBA411EB55BD97A594666D4FDF25A631994D1B_w640_h韩国日本一级猛片.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.25%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">△初首模型\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cstrong>01.\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">首伏的混凝土墙\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">Mesh Mould\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/82A695515AB2708112F903F179210E679141D64F_w1080_h718.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:66.48148148148148%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>房子的正中央有一道首伏的混凝土墙,望着造型浅易,但从建造的技术上而言,却并不容易。\u003c/p>\u003cp>最先,必要用到一个名为\u003cstrong>「In situ Fabricator」\u003c/strong>的机器人,议决它,你能够在项现在标地址上直接动工,而且特意撙节人力。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/704E9350585DC02B27C175D1F17A315BFDEE8355_w600_h337.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.166666666666664%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/642EB81329B4A07E263F4740385BC4FBA9883056_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">△In situ Fabricator\u003c/p>\u003cp>团队先将机器人搬运到施工的地点,并且用吊车将它搬运到顶层 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/369F871849C6B326A6154FD8679F4C4090328A26_w600_h337.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.166666666666664%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>接着, 就是行使混凝土 3D 打印技术,把混凝土墙的形状先设计出来,并将其连接到机器人的程序当中。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>这个形状是议决「Mesh Mould」——一栽重新设计混凝土内部结构的手段,而计算出来的曲面 ▼\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/4A5D253950660B0225AA945F0DD9A1860B3D9807_w600_h337.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.166666666666664%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/54945C390AEF8A680D8C9C8BA4631EE1C5285624_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/5D00FC691B3D4B3932613EC8717E13B73203C00C_w640_h354.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.3125%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>它实际上是一个三维的钢筋网格,\u003cstrong>能够有效解决清淡混凝土 3D 打印技术的弱点。\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>例如单元曲率及集体曲率题目;例如在过程中,由于专有的化学逆答,迥异层很能够会粘相符度不足,形成一些缝隙,这就导致强度不足。\u003c/p>\u003cp>先议决机器人和人造在地上建造首钢筋网格 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/DA759C651C756DF7E8FA04955CAC84487ABDE1AF_w500_h280.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/13642CF5326C8F9D2A2054973E78961AD5219675_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>机器人会议决摄像头自动识别事先在地上准备的标识,并按照这些标识进走下一步的做事 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/92AA103DB0F6BAF330F0D1C8DCE0D424FF48C371_w600_h337.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.166666666666664%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>将钢筋添工并安置,不论是在效果照样在实在率上,都比清淡的人造手段高上不少 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/B99A502E6B61E3DEDD1B34AC8E92EDBD74C07837_w500_h280.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/1B4B670411D05F382538AD7A11549990DDDF39E8_w1080_h718.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:66.48148148148148%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>混凝土墙的「骨骼」就这么一步步地形成 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/8BB7ADC2D61CF4C189715C300DD830A0A2BAD325_w500_h280.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/43A8030A65D00B290E830A10A2F69E07A1F6D0CF_w640_h358.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.93749999999999%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>接着在这些网格中填充进水泥浆料,逐层挤出并形成三维的形状,并让其从网格中特出,保持在所需的形状 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/92535BAF8B3C5815648B2B1DC404C7F01B94DE22_w500_h280.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>内部填充后,再在外貌以人造的手段进走光滑处理 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/6D06CBB39D584FCEC0C5DE71E5163128AEA91DBA_w500_h280.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>最后这个曲面便完善了,这是整个房子内第一个完善的片面 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/704D4565C016338BD27EADACA47EC42033BD8627_w500_h280.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cstrong>02.\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">智能楼板\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">Smart Slab\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/E3EC5053491F83BBC59CD83DB171BE186BB56400_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>房子的楼板被称为\u003cstrong>「Smart Slab」\u003c/strong>,由各个离散结构组件和 3D 打印修建复杂构建体构成,面积达到 78㎡,悬挂在首伏的混凝土墙上 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/C1F1B9A116C87313FCC668DB9151C9694E068BA5_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>同样的,先在电脑上「找型」,确定它的形状 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/4CEBA1095893FDB83EE87BD04D756B0E49C82793_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>采用分割式的设计,方便施工 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/7D255CD4BB69488ABEC655E734D5A966C25007CE_w1080_h539.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:49.907407407407405%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">△上部凹位是预留的楼梯井\u003c/p>\u003cp>接着制造出 3D 打印的模具 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/E99A130180BD01175D17E52567229F6B943FB3A9_w1080_h504.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:46.666666666666664%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>共 118 件的 3D 打印单元组件,每一个组件都有各自迥异的对位高低槽,方便之后拼装 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/907305AD5CA86D344BE0012E9C6C7A2E4B849E6E_w1080_h514.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:47.592592592592595%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>接着便是行使 3D 打印制作组件,值得一挑的是,\u003cstrong>组件的骨料采用的是玻璃纤维 \u003c/strong>▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/A61861A1A473985D10494F190D9F12A9FE93648C_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/1F66B43CC5714BFD511A8D54A2BE3239DA9D9B30_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>打印出来以后,在外貌上进走详细的人造处理 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/BDDCF838E4D27837AB27BDB86EF8C79E72D6F39C_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/0F82843CA9322AA9EFF56582FCBE706EBC77BE21_w1080_h608.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2962962962963%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/3C078313211D765778E33FECB4ECFC133DFB48A3_w1080_h608.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2962962962963%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>自然,模板拼装的部件也不克遗忘 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/639AC4AFD62AE1DAFCFC243CB686F87B2B897310_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>再来,就是将组件放在模板上进走拼装 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/3AC84844FBBCEEBAE27082567C87EA3410C8E915_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>拼装以后,楼板的组件就完善了。Smart Slab 的几何结构设计有长达 4.5 米的悬臂,并且原料都分布在曲曲的分层网络中,优化了载荷。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>不光如此,它与传统的混凝土板相比,重量仅为 15 吨,缩短了将近 70% 的重量。\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/8068C58BE047116D5C57EFEA523C7E3ACFA8DE6F_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/21F10DB2F3FB3D07451582F401947B93C88EBDB0_w1080_h608.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2962962962963%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>完善以后,用吊车将一块块楼板部件运输到楼顶 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/EB69E0F4120CBB5698B791F284777A1A7706F085_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/5356309076599DD012DF017ECAF3D59F0902CCDE_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>进走拼装 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/5BF655A113F483CECBDF93D93B670A051E1A7C02_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/8BAB645B9BF235B7BAFFE09A53CCA0C9E8153801_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>最后楼板完善,从房子内部望,能够望到它稀奇的纹理和造型 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/1524E0838286C8BDFE90BF75D7DE0B6BBE9D6423_w450_h252.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>怅然的是,最后末了一塊楼板展现了 2mm 的偏差。\u003c/p>\u003cp>不过这是在批准周围以内,\u003cstrong>毕竟从异国人有过 Smart Slab 施工的经验\u003c/strong>。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/9D3D02D691A220CB38CAB4CAFB098A640880B4E1_w640_h韩国日本一级猛片.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.25%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/E9A2C239816FE497359FD6E4AB5A9B595F77ECBC_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>楼板的样子固然有些古怪,但与曲曲的混凝土墙有着特意祥和的氛围 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/5FF89B19FE1226B6A8F77AC13204660EFCFFEBAC_w813_h648.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:79.70479704797047%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cstrong>03.\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">智能动态铸造的柱子\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">Smart Dynamic Casting\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/280C82DD04855D383909502E1DD1217616D85DFC_w1080_h718.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:66.48148148148148%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>行为整个房子中相等主要的一片面,落地窗边上的柱子也采用了相等稀奇的技术,名为「智能动态铸造 Smart Dynamic Casting」,简称 SDC。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>SDC 是一栽不息的机器人滑移成型工艺,能够用更幼的模板来做出承重混凝土结构。\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/EA3A7DA4DE40C1EA9E1F7FA7C29D58CD4C468113_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/51B80DED6315E504B97296203D45CAA13EEAEB25_w1080_h773.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:71.57407407407408%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>最先,做出钢筋的形状 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/B6FCA5B24D0DA9FC0F98B0A05270A35E590F56CA_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/66737B15B710801F232CFC1A263C4B65D2B448E2_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>接着,在预制的模板中倒入混凝土 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/97EDB6CCDB0BD440049F8EFB6FC35A831DB59144_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/D964595DB8870E2CA4A36AFE0B2221494A6DB9B1_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>然后机器最先做事,在这个过程中,\u003cstrong>动态模板会以肯定的速度不息移动,使得混凝土能在邃密阶段成形\u003c/strong>(此时便从软软原料变为硬质原料)▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/AAAD7B4DBF8B2F85A35376DEE14A7E1F047C505A_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>能够说这个柱子就是「滑」出来的,而且不论是形状照样外貌,都特意坦平规范 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/791F621A199074F6C29C6AA029A3AFBFDE88A511_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/36223B4ADD2BFBA9E5AA0E624CE7C9652B81B586_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>将制作益的柱子搬运到施工场地 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/9D6C00B011A8E1BBA2C7F25C507C7A19EC27E852_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>然后嵌进正本预留的安置孔位 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/C7A1B02CCACED29D0CBBC306D6F8228E546753CE_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cstrong>04.\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">机器人木材空间拼装\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">Spatial Timber Assemblies\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/39B5AE1D34917C529DBA75946242EDC0D90E25E2_w1080_h718.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:66.48148148148148%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>固然从形式望不出来,但实际上 \u003cstrong>DFAB HOUSE 的第二、三层采用的是木结构\u003c/strong> ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/8B6D099CDBB769A031FBF11828EE584D4F9724BF_w818_h1022.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:124.93887530562347%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>团队行使了一个特意的众机器人编制来做拼装做事,被称为\u003cstrong>「Spatial Timber Assemblies」\u003c/strong>。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/42299AAEF0D56AFCD410F23C5025A7ADEAE1D08C_w1080_h718.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:66.48148148148148%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>最先,在电脑上做出设计模型 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/67F11837BDC784F63E006C7B34D86C454C716303_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/80B4B3751B391C803D0143DFABC8DB49CAEF39B6_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>接着将模型输入机器人的程序当中,让机器人最先做事 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/C5325B0339616288AE48A0E29D2A6E696A0E7A44_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/9CD6977A0D64BC2806D99F09F31B69F3537CD103_w1080_h718.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:66.48148148148148%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>机器人会自动的进走做事,日以继夜 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/51EFBEBDE394D36AA066628957B82E18DC68CF1D_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>这个编制其实就是在现有的木框架建造手段上,增补了机器人及时生产零件的能力,必要什么样的木材随时都能够进走添工 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/C88F12DE75D6A41EEBDB674FCE2164832B83D595_w500_h281.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>所以不论木结构有众复杂,机器人都能够使木材模块高度预制,\u003cstrong>实现迅速浅易的现场拼装 \u003c/strong>▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/6000623262A66F59EF045AC669D322335E805536_w450_h252.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/C73D83B7A2C1BCAF1562AFEB737AF08FFE66AB95_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>木结构完善以后,只必要将制品运输到施工现场安置即可 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/81B88B6A623E6D68B96C8D9A19CAC10E3CC96E89_w500_h280.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/3EA1C6C9511093CD299717E7D537EFB0ABB80251_w1080_h604.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.925925925925924%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>同样行使吊车就能够把二层的木结构运到房子上端 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/423B40A39909502F52F4423CF58B64D9D34D21A2_w500_h280.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>然后进走特意浅易的拼装,就搭建完善了 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/358C61C8D6E6E59FE8338FA70C97FB0D6EACEA36_w500_h280.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">\u003cstrong>05.\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">轻量级的创新外墙\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">Innovative Translucent Façade System\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/A53784B99C097A7C46B1D2C3105ECA2E2C178496_w1080_h608.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.2962962962963%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>你能够仔细到 DFAB HOUSE 的立面很稀奇,它异国用清淡常见的木材板,而是采用一栽极具创新性的专利技术——\u003cstrong>「半透明立面编制」\u003c/strong>。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/62BA030FC9BF7DB05B217F643ED5550A4ABDE3F9_w1080_h718.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:66.48148148148148%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>这个编制行使「气凝胶」来行为原料\u003c/strong>,气凝胶是一栽由气体取代液体在凝胶中的位置制造而成的原料,早期只用于航联周围。\u003c/p>\u003cp>团队在二层房屋的外立面,安置了半透明的绝缘原料行为「隔膜」,隔膜之中有闲逸,在当中灌入颗粒状的气凝胶 ▼\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/9971A5DA3D5E80B20C65E1AF495A7C73E5353EE4_w500_h280.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>气凝胶有着卓异的隔炎性和半透明性,而外貌的隔膜则显得特意轻盈和变通。行使这项技术,能够让外立面有着特意高性能而且稀奇的形式。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/392A42CB9418F2BBBB3A4B10388727860E0DC124_w500_h280.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>至此,DFAB HOUSE 的建造过程基本上已经通盘完善。\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>项现在标团队行使各栽稀奇的技术,包括3D 打印、机器人建造工程、新式混凝土制造手段……建造了出一个能够说是「史无前例」的房子。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/057A64CD8E911114C26DB6443B3672C62313F353_w811_h538.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:66.33785450061652%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>DFAB HOUSE 由\u003cstrong> 苏黎世 ETH 学院\u003c/strong>的 8 位教授进走钻研、规划,他们都隶属于一个名为 \u003cstrong>NCCR Digital Fabrication\u003c/strong> 的机关。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/780E89BB22CF519739967C4F38F8E66EF5BB2DEA_w729_h579.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:79.42386831275721%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>机关中有来自各走各业的 70 众名钻研人员,特意钻研如何将数字技术和物理构建流程无缝结相符,彻底转折修建的架构。\u003c/p>\u003cp>在他们的钻研和勤苦之下,DFAB HOUSE 才得以展现。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/25D80DA85C019E73888287C14C39832EA6E2E90A_w969_h541.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.83075335397317%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp class="textAlignCenter">△NCCR Digital Fabrication\u003c/p>\u003cp>由于这栋房子的存在,代外着行使稀奇、郑重的技术,会让设计的解放度得到上升,使得建造成本和时间更添相符理,甚至能够让项现在标质量能够有更大的可控性。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>云云的钻研,意义不凡。\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/FD7986C46A44A9F30B515FC52AC9245B38DD79DE_w500_h280.gif" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:56.00000000000001%;" />\u003c/p>